Bearded Dragon Facts

The genus originates from the sub family Agaminae and is from the family called Agamidae. They are naturally cold blooded being reptiles. They posses spiny scales all around their bodies. Whenever they may feel they are being threatened they are able to expand out their spiny scales around the throat to show their aggression. The also can move around their head in an up and down motion to show dominance amongst males.

There are many color combinations. A lot of times they are dark golden brown and also can come in tan and brown. Occasionally they also have black markings. They have the ability to change their color on their scales during a rivalry or when the temperatures rise or drop. Fully grown they are around thirteen to twenty-four inches long on average.

People usually keep them as pets. One of the most common varieties is the Pogona viticeps or more commonly known as the Central Inland Bearded Dragons. Pogona is also a term that can cover other species too. They are quite popular pets because of how easy it is to maintain and care for them as well as their calm nature. They are probably one of the most popular lizards kept among reptile pets. They can be quite interesting. They are happy when they have a properly maintained enclosure to live and play in and make wonderful pets.

They are naturally omnivorous and they consume both plants and animals. When in the wild they eat a large variety of foods. Ones kept as pets most of the time eat green leafy vegetables as well as insects coated with a powder supplement. Crickets are a very common and popular choice for them. They can also consume flies, butter worms, silk worms and one their favorites super worms.

Some popular choices in green leafy vegetables include collard greens, parsley, carrot tops, and turnips. Some orange colored vegetables can also be eaten including squash, carrots, pumpkins, and beets. Other favorites include celery, rosemary, basil, hibiscus, rose petals and oregano. They need a bit of variety in their diets but they are very easy to keep healthy and happy.

Fruits including apples, pears, strawberries, grapes, melons, mangoes and papayas are good too. Owners are discouraged from feeding wild insects because it exposes them to viruses and parasites among other dangers. Some bugs including fire flies contain a fatal ingredient known as bioluminescent chemicals which can kill lizards when consumed. Depending on their environment and health level they easily can live about five to ten years on average inside captivity.

For additional information about bearded dragon facts you can quickly find out more online. Also pet stores have great information on the topic you may want to check out. There are so many different sources you can find on this topic. They usually make great pets and do not grow very big. They usually are friendly and easy to handle even for children since they are tame.

Parrot Health

  • Conjunctivitis – Is caused by a bacterial infection in the lungs associated with environmental factors (dust, drafty housing, and irritating fumes), nutritional deficiencies (vitamin A is often cited, although no specific experimental evidence support this view) or trauma and can be associated to ulcerative keratitis. Conjunctivitis is fairly easy to notice with a crusting of the eyes normally accompanied by red a swollen tissue beginning at the eye lid. An avian vet would diagnose and would normally treat this condition using antibiotics.
  • Avian Pox – A viral infection often having similar symptoms of Conjunctivitis although it is common to be accompanied by swollen, blistering formations on the eye lid.
  • Marek’s Disease – Is in a group of herpes viruses and most deadly although a vaccine (Zovirax, normally used for chicken pox in Humans)can be helpful to eliminate the spread of Marek’s disease it is usually too late to save the infected bird. There are 4 types of Marek’s (Cutaneous (skin form), Neural (nerve form),Visceral (internal-organ form),and the Ocular (Eye form). The Visceral (internal Organ Form) type is most commonly found in chickens, but can spread very quickly to other birds(Parrots). This Disease is normally spread through dander and close contact.
  • Uveitis – Is the inflammation of the eye and can be an indicator of much more serious internal problems. Trauma, penetrating injury, systemic disease, autoimmune condition, and mycosis, bacterial or viral disorders are causes of uveitis in birds.
  • Cataracts -Several causes for cataracts including poor diet (low vitamin e) this has also been associated with long term exposure to artificial light, senescence, trauma, developmental abnormalities, genetic disorders, nutritional deficiency, radiation, UV radiation and inflammatory factors. The good news is an operation to remove the cataracts known as Lensectomy by needle discision and aspiration, and conventional extra capsular extraction or ultrasonic phacoemulsification can be successful in birds.
  • Glaucoma – Glaucoma has rarely been reported in birds. Identification of glaucoma in most bird species is problematic because of the small size of their eyes, making even the use of testing equipment with small tips difficult or impossible when glaucoma is found, it is usually due to trauma and resulting iatrogenic associated with cataract surgery
  • Corneal degeneration – In pet birds, crystal deposition in the corneal stoma is reported as the second most frequent ocular disorder in pet birds.

Protecting Garden Birds From Magpies

First up, a very simple a cheap system for deterring magpies from your garden. Oddly enough, these socially advanced creatures absolutely cannot abide being looked at by other animals, particularly those they can’t identify. In Australia the birds have been known to attack children in the street, who then took to strapping paper eyes to the reverse of their caps. The magpies see the false eyes, spook easily and are quick to back away.

This is an easy method to adopt, and there are a few ways to expand upon it to make it even more effective. Start off by making a few sets of paper eyes at home. Once you’ve got a few pairs start posting them up around the garden. Trunks and walls are best, a nice flat surface where they’ll enjoy a lot of visibility. Fasten them on with sellotape for longer-lasting results.

The tape actually plays into the best way to improve the technique. Magpies are more likely to spook from objects which reflect light well. Not only are they bright, but they better represent the glistening effect of an actual eye. The best value for money solution you’ll find requires two types of object. A thread of string and any loose CDs and DVDs you’ve no intention of keeping. String the CDs together into long hanging ornaments, then affix them to walls, trunks and branches. They’ll turn in the wind, reflecting randomly while also resembling a circular eye, complete with pupil.

In small domestic gardens these techniques will prove successful enough at scaring off the pesky, predatory birds. So long as you maintain good lines of sight so a pair of eyes or reflective CDs are constantly in view the magpie population should quickly begin avoiding your property. In larger areas setting up a large number of these items tends to be an inefficient use of your time. Instead consider a scarecrow with reflective eyes. They’re an old standby, and the appearance of a conscious human does wonders deterring these birds.

Care For A Baby Pygmy Goat

For sleeping, a baby pygmy goat must have a place that is free from any draft. A basic shed big enough to fit all your goats in will be suitable for this. There should be approximately fifteen to twenty square feet between each animal. Their bedding should be made out of sawdust or straw. This should always be kept clean and dry. If it has been manured or wet, then this should be cleaned out at least once every day. The flooring should consist of clay over gravel. This means that everything will drain well and will not smell or rot.

A baby pygmy goat should be fed with colostrum. This is its mothers milk. It should be fed the colostrum as soon as practically possible once it has been born. This gives the baby the correct antibodies and nutrition it needs to help it to live within its early stages of life. Fresh colostrum is what is recommended. However, powdered colostrum can also be used if necessary.

In terms of food, these goats should be fed according to what their ages are. If a baby is under ten days old, then it will have to have its milk approximately four times each day. From ten days through to eight weeks old, they will require three bottles each day. After this age, it will go down to two bottles of milk every day right through until the weaning process has been completed. By then, the goat should be three months of age. A baby’s bottle is all that is required to feed your baby goat.

Once your goat has reached three weeks of age, they should now be ready for solid food. A small amount of gray and some hay will encourage it to keep on weaning. Weaning is a process that can take some time. As the goat continues to get older, you can introduce more solid food to what it is already having.

Fresh water must always be available for your baby pygmy goat. Especially when it begins to eat solid food.

A fenced off area should also be provided. This allows your goat to graze and play in this area. These kind of goats enjoy jumping from small niches. Small ramps and houses make great items for your goats to jump on or in. Especially if their pasture is not very nice or interesting.

The hooves of your baby pygmy goat should be trimmed every couple of months. You can do this with a small hand pruner.

Urban Farming

My experience with urban farming has been very enjoyable, even in the winter when we have to trek through freezing temperatures, wind, sleet and snow. Every morning before I get ready to go let the chickens and ducks out of their coops I look out my kitchen window and see them eagerly awaiting my presence. Our pet chickens, ducks, muscovy, quail, and turkeys bring me joy. They each have their own personalities, likes and dislikes. The best thing is the eggs. They are beautiful, green, blue, cream colored shells with rich orange colored yolks. I find that the eggs are better quality and taste like real eggs versus the eggs you buy at the grocery store. Chickens and ducks do not lay much or at all during the winter. From my experience you will most likely have to buy eggs in the winter.

Urban farming also involves growing your own food. Whether you want a strawberry patch or grow your own vegetables. The possibilities are endless! But beware! If you use your own compost for the soil in your garden beds, be prepared to have unplanned plants grow in your neatly planted beds. The best practice for finding out what can grow in your area is to research where your city is on the Plant Hardiness Zone Map. This tool will help you learn what plants will do well in your area. If you want to really get into Urban Farming, do a soil test. You can buy these at Lowe’s or Amazon. These will tell you the composition of your soil and help you level out the playing field so to speak, when it comes to what nutrients are needed for your crops to thrive.

If you are planning on selling your crops at a local farmer’s market, I would recommend looking into your state’s Cooperative Extension office and seeing if they have any classes you can take on the Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) and take it! It will be very informational about the correct way to harvest crops as well as the do’s and don’ts for what you can and cannot sell. I would also look into any classes they may offer, there are also grants out there to offer agricultural classes for free. I would highly recommend looking into your state’s Cooperative Extension office for classes in general. Knowledge is power.

I hope you enjoyed reading my perspective and personal experiences on urban farming. If you have any questions and want to talk about how to start up your own Urban Farm, please feel free to send me an email and I can give you helpful advice. I am by no means an expert!

Feeding Pet Pigeons

The last bird you want to feed is a pigeon because they like to stay close to their food supply. And wherever you feed them is where they will hang out, and where they will use their ultrasound bird calls to help map the area for their mind. Once they decide to live in a certain area, it’s almost impossible to get rid of them. Sure, you can put up bird spikes and many business owners do, and many homeowners associations and high-rise condo complex managers attempt the same. Still, it’s hard to get rid of these birds as they will find somewhere to land, you can’t put the spikes on every single horizontal surface.

Pigeons really only need a couple of inches against a wall to perch – and, wherever they perch is where they let loose of their waste, and they seem to have indigestion, and diarrhea judging by what they discharge when they eat people food. Yes, the story gets even worse when you start considering the challenges of things like bird flu. Worse, if you feed the pigeons, they don’t just cause a problem in your vicinity, but all of your neighbors have to deal with the ugly stains of pigeon poop everywhere. Pigeons are very good at begging and they remember the types of behavior which garnered the most free food.

They are definitely scavengers, and if you feed one more will come into the area, which means more pigeon poop and more problems, including more bacteria, and the chances of getting bird flu someday. None of this is very good, so even if you think you are doing the pigeons a favor, and you like to go bird watching, feeding them isn’t very smart, not even in someone else’s park. Suffice it to say, pigeons don’t make very good pets, and there’s no sense in you learning the hard way. Please consider all this and think on it.

 

Bird Feeding

People feed wild birds to bring beauty to their outdoor spaces, for therapy or relaxation and for educational purposes for themselves or others. Some put bird feeders in their yards, hang them from trees, and put them on fences and in gardens or patios. Wild birds can be fed in your gardens or patios anytime of the year.

The Fish and Wildlife Service estimate in the spring there are approximately 10 billion wild birds in the United States and in the fall approximately 15 billion wild birds. This large increase in the fall is due to the fact that all the babies will have hatched.

Of those that feed birds, approximately $3 billion a year is spent on bird food by backyard hobbyists. They also spend $800 million a year on accessories for birds such as bird houses, bird baths, bird feeders, and other birding accessories.

There are all types of feeders. Here are just a few examples of the types of feeders that are available. There are also many more varieties of bird feeders constructed of many different materials.

  • Suet feeder
  • Open hopper
  • Single tube feeder
  • Twin tube feeder
  • Free standing feeder
  • Circular bird feeder
  • Liquid feeder
  • Fruit feeder
  • Platform feeder
  • Ground feeder

There are different types of feeders in relation to the types of birds you are trying to attract and the region of the country you are located in.

For example, the Blue Jay, can be found in almost every state in the country depending on the time of year. Blue Jays like a variety of feeders and a variety of bird food.

The types of bird feeders Blue Jays prefer vary in size and type. They like tube feeders, covered platform feeders, suet feeders, large open hoppers. They also like to eat on the ground to forage for whatever they can find.

Blue Jays like to eat seeds; safflower seeds, black oil sunflower seeds and hulled sunflower seeds. Here is a list of some of the other foods that Blue Jays enjoy to eat.

  • Cracked corn
  • Fruit
  • Mealworms
  • Milo
  • Millet
  • Peanuts
  • Peanut hearts
  • Suet

There are all types of bird seed and bird food available on the market today. It is best to know, as in our example, the Blue Jay, the types of environment for housing and the types of food they prefer. Most feed stores that also sell bird see will be able to help you with the types of food and feeders for the birds in your region of the county.

Proper Bird Care for Your Backyard

Bird Houses

If you didn’t clean your bird houses last fall after all the birds left, then now is the time to do so. Here are some things you should do to make sure your bird houses are ready for the new arrivals this spring.

  • First of all, if you have followed me at all, you will probably have a bird house with a hinged roof. This just makes it easier to get at the old nest in there and clean things out.
  • Using rubber gloves, lift the roof of your bird house up and clean out the old nest and any loose material still left over.
  • Make a solution of 1 part bleach and 9 parts water to clean your bird house. Yes it is safe. This will clean the house and prevent disease. Remember bird safety is the goal here.
  • Using a stiff bristled brush scrub the inside of the bird house with the solution that you made. Be sure to clean the house thoroughly.
  • Once you have finished cleaning your bird houses, rinse them off thoroughly using just water. As long as you rinse the houses well, using the bleach solution is no problem at all.
  • Make sure your houses are completely dry though before you put them back up.

Bird Feeders

There are so many different types of bird feeders out there for sale and they all should be cleaned from time to time. Depending on the feeders you are using, after a while, you will have bird droppings and old decomposing seeds at the bottom of your feeder. This all breeds disease that will hurt your birds.

However taking some time to do a little spring maintenance on your feeders will go a long way to keeping your birds healthy, safe and coming back year after year.

There are a number of feeders on the market today

Platform feeders are just what they say and rather straight forward. Same with window feeders. Hopper and house type feeders are usually harder to get at depending on their design and of course you have the tube feeders just to name a few.

In most cases, unless your feeder is in really bad shape, you can get by with a stiff brush and soapy water to clean them out. Depending on the type of feeder you have, you may have to lift the roof off or in the case of a tube feeder take it apart, but cleaning them out is not a big chore.

If your feeders have gotten really bad, then I would suggest using a cleaning solution that consists of 9 parts water and 1 part bleach to soak your feeder in. In this case, once you have cleaned the feeder with soapy water, just soak the feeder in this solution for a few minutes. Maybe 10 to 15 minutes will do just fine.

Be sure to rinse your feeders out thoroughly when you have finished cleaning them and be sure they have completely dried out before you use them again.

Another thing to remember when cleaning your feeders is to clean the ground below them. The seeds and droppings that have fallen to the ground will decompose as well and some birds will eat off of the ground, so if you really care about bird safety in your backyard, do clean up the mess there as well.

Hummingbird Feeders

Hopefully you have cleaned these up last fall before you put them away however I do know how busy we can all get and I do know how time can get away from us all, so if you didn’t clean them last fall, then when you are doing your spring cleaning is a perfect time to get this done and here is how you do it.

If you have followed me at all and have taken my advice, then you will probably have a hummingbird feeder that is easy to take apart. Because of the solution you make to feed them and depending on the air temperature outside, their food can get moldy quite quickly and if you have tight spots in the feeder it could be difficult to get to the mold.

Usually you can use a solution consisting of 1 part white vinegar and 4 parts water to soak you feeder in. While soaking you can use a brush to make sure you get it completely clean.

If you have waited too long and the feeder is really bad you can us a solution consisting of 1/4 cup of bleach to a gallon of water to clean your feeders. Soak the feeders in the solution for a while and then try to brush out the mold. Be sure to use rubber gloves.

In each case, no matter what solution you have used, be sure that you rinse your feeders completely before you use them.

Bird Baths

Whether you have a heated bird bath that you have used all winter long or an unheated one that you are going to begin using again, I would make cleaning them out as part of your spring cleaning routine.

Just use a stiff brush and hot soapy water to clean them out. Again be sure to rinse them well before you use them.

So… get all your spring maintenance and bird care chores completed early and then just sit back and enjoy your backyard birds.

You can follow these links if you are looking for ideas and suggestions for attracting birds [http://www.grandpas-backyard-fun.com/attracting-birds.html] to your backyard or if you want additional information on wild bird seed.

Enjoy the Outdoors With Your Pet

There are dozens of tents available in different sizes, colors and style suitable for any pet there is. If you love to travel and you want your dog or cat to be a part of your journey, then you could invest in a good quality portable dog/cat tent. The following are two major categories of pet tents mainly for dogs and cats and other premium quality tents available in the market today.

Original Pet Tent – Consist of two external fiberglass poles arc over the top and crisscross from corner to corner for support. A multi-purpose pet tent which can be used on hotels, camper vans, and airports.

Pet tents – Large for Parrots, Ferrets, Cats, Little Dogs: can accommodate birds, ferrets, guinea pigs and a number of other household pets. Collapses for storage and pops open for continued use.

When trying to buy portable tents online, try to be specific and be very detailed with the tent you want to buy. Dog and cat tents come in different sizes, shapes, colors and style. Owners should choose the tent that perfectly suits their pets unique taste for a new snug since this will become his temporary hiding place during camping and other outdoor trips. Generally, these tents are easy to set up because of its pop open feature and its also takes less time to fold since its collapsible.There are also much more features such as waterproof tents, durability, etc. which you can choose from the store in order to get the most appropriate features and options you are seeking. If you want to get top of the line dog and cat tents, then you should go for branded ones however, those kind of tents do not come cheap yet provide the most desirable comfort and safety for your pet.

Having a Pet During Childhood

  • An Activity Partner. Having a pet, a dog for example, helps a child become active. A dog encourages a child to walk, run, play and frolic in the sun or even dance in the rain keeping the child away from becoming inactive. Such activities help develop a child’s physical and motor skills.
  • Encourages Good Social Behavior. A child is often encouraged to befriend another child with a pet whether that is a dog, a cat, a bird or rabbit. Pets encourage a typically shy child to become socially active and thus gain confidence and win many playmates and friends. Confidence could help a child become ready to eventually face a tougher adult world.
  • Helps in Emotional Development. Having a pet enforces the responsibility taught by parents to a child through the love and care that has to be shown to the pet. The involved tasks of course may depend on what the child can or cannot do at a certain age but the positive emotional development that could be gained from the experience will last throughout the child’s existence.
  • Promotes Desire for Knowledge. The interaction between child and pet promotes an inquisitive mind in a child leading him to ask questions. Like for instance when a child wants to know how to teach a dog some tricks, what food will do the pet good other than satisfying a hunger, etc. Parents naturally have a big part in supporting a curious child. The desire to learn could start due to the influence of pet ownership but when a child learns that parents are willing to support a need to discover things, the child could be encouraged to learn more beyond pets. This promotes cognitive skills.

Pets can be so much a part of a childhood, creating a special bond that is beneficial to the development of a youngster. A child who is in need of healing whether physical, mental or emotional will be nurtured by the experience of having a pet. However, the decision to have a pet should be backed by the right reasons because it does entail responsibilities which should not be taken care of by the child alone. The commitment has to be established among the family as a whole. But once the decision has been made and the commitment is there, the positive results of having a pet is beyond definition that is simply priceless. And you may even see that in many years through your child.