Habitats for Happy Reptiles

A typical housing for a pet such as this is an aquarium tank or terrarium. Depending on the size of the animal, the size of the tank will usually range from 10 to 30 gallons, even more for larger creatures. Snakes will need a tank that is horizontally oriented, and lizards need one that is taller so they can climb. The housing should be made out of glass to keep the animal from scaling the sides, and in some situations, it may need to have something blocking the back and side views for the safety of the pet.

The lid is normally made of mesh to allow for airflow, and it must be secure enough to retain a tricky critter. Some reptile’s needs require that the whole screen be exposed for maximum airflow, though there are times, such as when the snake or lizard will need extra humidity to assist with shedding, when it may be necessary to block half or more of the screen to stop airflow and retain moisture in the housing.

Each reptile has its own heating and lighting needs, so there is no one size fits all for this. A pet store can advise you about this, but most snakes and lizards need a lot of heat, and one area of the housing should be especially warm for basking. Heat lamps and heating pads that go under the tank or under the substrate can provide the right temperature.

The substrate for geckos, lizards and snakes can be something as simple as chemical-free paper, but many owners prefer to use reptile carpet or sanitized mulch. The former is good for animals that may ingest small particles of substrate that could impact their digestive system. The latter is best for snakes and animals that like to burrow.

Furnishing for a reptile habitat is simple. The pet needs a few things to hide around and climb on such as branches and shrubs. It also needs something to go into to hide. This is usually a small, enclosed box or something similar. It should have some moss or paper towels in it to hold some moisture to provide humidity.

Quality Turtle Breeders

Additionally, it is important for turtle breeders to maintain a healthy environment for their turtles. This environment should cater specifically to the type of turtle. Water turtles prefer to live in large, deep aquariums with clean water and copious room for swimming. Since they defecate in the water frequently, it should be changed out on a daily basis and have heavy filtration to prevent the water quality from becoming bad. Land turtles prefer habitats with dry substrate and larger amounts of horizontal space to utilize, which will give them room to move freely. They also appreciate a shelter space where they can hide, sleep or get away from stressors they can perceive outside of the cage.

Most breeders who have a good handle on their work will also be familiar with the behavior patterns of healthy turtles, as well as the patterns that sickly turtles may display. These patterns are important to recognize, since they are very good indicators of whether a turtle is thriving and can indicate whether something different needs to be done in their care. A good breeder should be able to show any new owner what a thriving turtle looks like, and will be able to explain articulately what warning signs can indicate that a turtle is sick or failing to thrive. For instance, healthy turtles will be active and exhibit a healthy diet and curiosity about their surroundings, while turtles that are not thriving may be inactive or reluctant to move.

In addition to being a good source for a first turtle and beginning information for care, an ideal breeder will also provide an ongoing source of information for owners who become more serious about their turtles later. These breeders may also have connections into local turtle breeding chapters or organizations, providing even more connections and opportunities for informational exchange. They may provide timely information about nutritional or scientific developments regarding the care of turtles. While choosing to obtain a turtle from a breeder obviously has the benefit of obtaining a guaranteed healthy young turtle, connections to respectable turtle breeders are also a valuable connection in the years following the purchase.

The Budgie

Mum used to bring Sky with her when she visited, so I was aware of how to look after him, but other than that I really didn’t have a clue about budgies. I remember one we had as a family pet when I was a teenager and that was about it.

Sky and I got into a routine for the first 5 months – I opened his cage door every morning but he never left it. He was happy to flap his wings inside his cage which is large enough to do so with room to spare.

Then came the day about a month ago when he ventured out and the problems started. On the few times that he started to fly around he flew into the walls and had a nasty fall when he misjudged a shelf – this had never happened to him before and he went into shock.

This noisy, feisty little bird became quiet – he couldn’t hold onto his perch properly and ended up walking around on the bottom of his cage – it was truly heart breaking to watch. He would jump at the slightest movement or unexpected sound and fly around in a panic. I knew that there was something seriously wrong when he allowed me to hold him in my hand on 3 separate occasions when I had to rescue him from falling off his perch.

I am fortunate to be friends with some animal healers and communicators and one of them instructed me on giving him Rescue Remedy and that helped. She didn’t see a serious illness with him, just a bit sore from his collisions, and she did some distant healing on him and he perked up quite a bit, but was still far from back to his normal self. He was much calmer though and didn’t go into panics, so I decided to get him checked out by the vet as well.

Sky was far from happy at being caught and put into a very pretty tissue box and carted along to the vet, a very pleasant man who specialises in small animals. He examined him and found him to be underweight, but with no external damage, good eye sight and no problem with his claws. However, he did suspect that he might have liver and/or kidney problems and told me that budgies often only lived between 5 to 7 years and that 15 years (which is what I had read) was the exception rather than the rule. He gave me some medicine and made an appointment for the following week, but I could tell by his demeanour that he didn’t expect Sky to survive.

I was absolutely heartbroken – this little bird had crept into my heart and was also a connection to Mum and I couldn’t bear the thought of losing him so soon.

Synchronicity is a big part of my life and I was given further information which would be of great help and another piece in the puzzle. I was again told that there was nothing physically wrong with him, but that he was grieving, deeply depressed and didn’t see the point of living. It was suggested that I put a photo of my Mum in his cage with him and to add a bit of curcumin to his food/drink to help build him up.

I immediately printed out a photo of Mum and put it in his cage and I couldn’t believe the change in him – if someone had told me, I would have had a hard time believing it. He immediately started to eat and drink as if he was making up for lost time. His food was near Mum’s photo and he would stay close to it while he was eating. One night I peeped in on him and he was fast asleep right next to her. He also found the strength to get back onto his perch again and started moving round his cage – it was truly miraculous. I also put a piece of Rose Quartz into his cage and he spent quite a bit of time close to that too.

He was obviously still stressed though, so I cancelled a further visit to the vet and decided to let nature take its course. With the help of my friends I had done everything I could and it was now up to Sky to decide whether he wanted to stay or not.

It has been an emotional month watching this little bird going through his trauma, and it has been an ongoing healing. Just last week he went through 3 days of literally sitting on his perch virtually motionless, just eating a little now and then, but showing no interest in anything. I felt helpless and wondered if he was craving companionship – though he had always been a solitary bird.

However, just 3 days ago he started to make some noise and showed some interest in his surroundings. The following day he started to play again and was climbing everywhere and today he hasn’t stopped chatting. It does my heart good to hear him.

Once I came out of my emotional state it occurred to me that the reason he was flying into the walls might be because I have no pictures on those particular walls, so he can’t judge where they are – I will rectify that before he is ready to venture out of the security and safety of his cage. Fingers crossed!!

Types Of Water Turtles

The most popular type of water turtle to be kept as a pet is the Red Eared Slider Turtle. They are commonly found out in the wild throughout the United States and are very calm, which is what makes them such great pets. They are a hardy species, and have modest maintenance requirements. They get their name from the bright red stripes along the sides of their heads, and can come in albino.

Note that there is another type called Red Footed Turtle, which is not to be confused with the Red Eared Slider.

Another very popular pet water turtle is the Painted Turtle. They are also found throughout North America in fresh waters. They are considered to be one of the most visually appealing turtles, as they have red and yellow stripes all over their bodies. There are four different sub-species of the Painted Turtle, the Midland Painted Turtle, the Western Painted Turtle, the Eastern Painted Turtle, and the Southern Painted Turtle.

Another type of water turtle that is kept as a pet is the African Side-Necked Turtle. They are also known as African Mud Turtles, and there are a total of 15 different sub-species within the species. They are considered to be cute, as they have a pug nose and appear to always have a smile on their face because of the way their mouth upturns. They are tough, curious, and very adaptive.

Every species of water turtle is different and has its own individual spacing and feeding requirements, so it is very important to do research before you decide to bring a water turtle into your home. It’s important to be prepared when bringing a new pet into your home. Similar to tortoises they can be carriers of salmonella, so it is also important to wash your hands thoroughly after handling. Water turtles do make excellent pets, and an informed decision will help you bring the right kind into your home.

Shopping For Pet Rabbit Supplies

There are many different kinds and brands of toys as well as foods made for rabbits only. By choosing the right pet rabbit supplies is another way for your rabbit to attain long and healthy life. You should see to it that whatever you choose will be the best one for your rabbit.

Here are list of some of the important pet rabbit supplies you must provide to your rabbit:

  • You must provide them shelter thus choosing the right kind and size of cages and hutch is very important. You should choose bigger cages for your rabbit so they can have enough room to move around thus making their rest time also comfortable.
  • Make sure their pooping training products have drainage on it so it will be much easier to clean the pans after they deposit their droppings on it.
  • Have all the essential feeding supplies such as water bottles and feeders.
  • Buy their grooming supplies such as brushes, nail clippers, towels and such to make sure you have all the supplies when you need it.
  • Make sure you also buy the best and durable travel supplies you need for your rabbits such as harness, leash and carriers. See to it that these products will bring comfort to your rabbit.
  • There are many toys for rabbits in the market today and you can have a hard time when choosing which one because of its colorful arrays and designs. Cuteness is only your second consideration when choosing toys for your pet rabbit. Your first and foremost thing to consider is if these toys are free form any chemicals that may hurt your rabbit such as lead.
  • You must also need to buy some odor control. Rabbits urine and droppings have unpleasant smell, no one wants that to linger in their house, right?

Now that you have your list of pet rabbit supplies, make sure to buy the safest ones. The health of your pet rabbits will depend on what are you going to give or feed them. they cannot choose the things they need by themselves that is why they depend on you a lot to do this job right. If you love your pet rabbit, give him the best you can and in return they will surely give you their trust and friendship that every owner will surely treasured.

Large Cages for Pet Rabbits

If you are facing issue with the price or space, then you can even consider buying a second hand rabbit cage. For some breeds of rabbit smaller cages are preferred but again you need to check them out first.

Firstly, you need to consider the number of rabbits and the breed of rabbits that you want to raise. By doing this, you can easily determine the size of the rabbit cage. It should be around four times the size of the rabbit.

Then you need to decide whether you should keep you rabbits indoors or outdoors. The outdoors ones require large cage, whereas the indoor ones can be keeping in the smaller ones. The outdoor rabbits need to be well protected from harsh or extreme weather. Thus, you need a large cage for them that too, having a good shelter.

You should very well know about the material with which the cage is made. You should avoid buying cages that come with plastic laden metal wiring. This is because if your pet chews on them then they may face health issues.

You need to also avoid wired floor cages. Wired floored cages usually consist of a pan underneath it so that it becomes easier for disposing the droppings of the pets. However, this type of flooring is uncomfortable for pet, as it can trap their nails and cause them grievous injuries. Thus, buying cages with solid bases are preferred. Also, it is a must that you place a litter box in the cage.

Look for cages that have got their roofs that open up, as it allow your litter boxes as well as rabbits to be it in and out of the cage easily. Otherwise, you should buy the one having doors in front, so as to allow the rabbits to roam in and out of the cage.

Teaching Cows to Count

The delivery of twins also taught me about cows and math. It appears that nature has endowed cows with the ability to count to one and not beyond. So when the first calf tumbles out of the womb, Mama turns around and licks it dry while encouraging it to latch onto her utter to nurse. In the meantime a second calf might drop to the gorund, but Mama, delighted with one is quite likely to walk away with the first born and ignore the arrival of the second. We always had to be ready for this because of the vulnerability of calves during those first hours after birth. Sometimes Mama could be turned and sort of herded toward the second calf, but at other times a more forceful union was required. This included shoving the calf forward, trying to mark the baby with Mama’s scent so the cow could recognize and accept it, and generally spending the day reuniting the family. Eventually the mother of twins will accept that there are two, but at times she will forget and leave one in the meadow and one in the corn and only wailing bellows will bring all three together again.

Sometimes a calf might arrive and the Mama falls ill, does not lactate, or will not accept the calf. You would think you could fool another lactating cow by just urging the new calf on her, but again, cows count to one. “I have my baby. Who is this freeloader?” Again, with great encouragement and determination a second calf might “take” but more likely it is labeled a Leppie and this calf has to be bottle fed and babied. We did not have many of these but when we did, those calves really became pets, following us around as feeding time neared and springing into action when a bottle appeared. Calves make excellent devoted companions, however with age comes size and 800 pound buddies are difficult to handle.

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About Raptor Vision Owls

Owls have a special way about them. They peer into you and once they have taken your measure, I am not sure that anyone would ever be able to forget such an experience.

I watched as Twilight patiently had his photo taken with people at the event and, at times, refused to look at the camera because someone or something had captured his attention in a different direction.

After the photos were all taken, the show began. It was the first Owl show of it’s kind in Queensland to be held in the evening. Jason, the Raptor Vision owner asked everyone to be quiet when he brought the owls out as this was their first time doing the show in front of a live audience.

They introduced four adult owls – two Barn Owls, an Australian Masked Owl and a Barking Owl and one 27 day old owlet. We learned about habitat and environmental conservation as well as important points on stopping secondary poisoning.

It really was a great night and an opportunity of a lifetime to hold an owl and be in the presence of these amazing birds of prey.

During the show, the owl handlers had several members of the audience participate in the owl flights. These lucky people put the leather glove on to protect their hands and the owl handler called to the owl which flew over the audience and landed on the person’s outstretched hand.

That would have been a very special experience for those people.

Jason had the female Australian Masked Owl, Talon, catch ‘prey.’ It wasn’t an animal, but a stuffed toy and Talon was rewarded with a tasty treat to encourage her to release her talons from the toy.

Talon flew in and took out her prey so fast, it was hard to see, however, you could hear the thump as she caught it. This was really worth going along to the event to see.

The Barking Owl, Eclipse, came out and ‘woofed’ at the crowd when she felt like it, not when Jason asked her to. It was quite funny and adorable.

Jason and Dave discussed how an owl can pinpoint the heartbeat of a rodent with ease just by listening to the sound. We learned that an owl’s facial disk is where it captures sound waves that funnel up into their offset ears.

Once an owl has pinpointed their prey, they fly without taking their eyes off the exact point of the target. At the very last moment, the push their talons forward, pull their wings right back behind their body and close their eyes. That is the moment that their prey is instantly killed. We were told that owls get their prey every time because of their expert hunting skills.

Children asked, “why do they close their eyes?”

And Dave said, “because it stops them from getting injured if their prey fights back. It is for protection.”

It was a great evening with owls and I am looking forward to the next time this opportunity comes my way.

Guide to Lamb Tail Docking

The majority of farmers will dock a lamb’s tail in order to avoid the build-up of faecal matter which, if left, could cause health problems, an expensive veterinary bill or even death. Therefore it is a process that is regularly performed, although some breeds will not require docking and it is stated in law that tail docking may only commence if not doing so could cause problems in later life.

To reduce the amount of stress and discomfort the animal will experience, which is very little, farmers will dock a lamb’s tail as soon as possible after birth. The law states that a rubber ring, the most common method, may only be used without an anaesthetic during the first week of life – so this is the method many will use. And at this stage it is extremely important that a farmer is aware of the positioning of the ring – it must be placed at such a place that there is sufficient tail to cover the vulva of female sheep and the anus of a male sheep. The majority of farmers will have a large amount of experience of doing this, but some may choose to have veterinary assistance when they first do it.

After the first week of life, an anaesthetic must be used when using a rubber ring or similar device. If the process is left until the lamb has reached three months of age, it is against the law to do so without an anaesthetic and it also illegal to do so oneself; in this instance a veterinary surgeon must do so. It is vital for farmers or anyone who keeps livestock to be aware of the various rules and regulations as any mistake could result in prosecution.

The process of actually docking the tail is a relatively easy one – all that’s required is a castration ring and, if necessary, a castration tool.

  • Place the castration ring over the tool, allowing it to stretch so the ring will fit over the tail.
  • Place the band in the necessary position, following the regulations discussed above.
  • Ensure the band is tight enough to restrict circulation and then let your lamb return to normal.