Fish Tank Pump

A fish tank pump is what gets air to your fish. Without a pump, there would be no air flow in your tank, making it uninhabitable for your fish. As you can see, a fish tank pump can be considered the life blood of your tank. If your pump stops working for any reason, you need to have it replaced as soon as possible. It is often good to have an extra fish tank pump on hand in case of emergencies. This way, if something happens, you will be able to swap them out quickly, keeping your fish in healthy, oxygenated water. Fish breath the air through the water and if your pump fails, the fish will not have any air to live on.

Finding a fish tank pump that works with your tank can be done by visiting your local pet store. They should have many options in stock, and will be able to provide you with a pump that will fit your current set up. Be sure to know the specifications of your tank, so that the pet store employee can point you in the right direction. Most fish tank air pumps are universal, but to make sure it fits it always helps to have as much information on hand as possible. Information such as the dimensions and capacity in gallons are needed in order to fit the pump to your fish tank.

Buying the right fish tank pump is very important. Without a pump, your fish would not be able to get the oxygen that they need. Always remember to check on your fish tank pump during your maintenance checks. Also periodically check the pump whenever you take time out to enjoy watching your fish.

Fly Fishing Lines

A good leader must be thicker where it joins the line and with a degree of stiffness. A limp or soft leader will not lay out straight and hence impedes a nice presentation of the fly. The diameter of the thin end, or tippet, is varied and is chosen according to the conditions.

The strength of the outfit is completely reliant on the breaking strain of the tippet, being the thinnest part of your rig. The size is usually indicated by a number and the letter X. Tippet size also influences the delivery of the fly and a good balance is required between the weight of the fly and the diameter and weight of the tippet.

Two types of leader are available, being the knotted and the knotless. The knotless is a single piece of monofilament tapered during manufacture, the knotted type is constructed using various pieces of monofilament knotted together, the latter being the most popular due to its delivery capabilities. The leaders are usually manufactured in 2.3m and 2.7m lengths.

Although the previously mentioned number and X method of identifying leaders is used, the more common method of ordering leaders is to quote the length and breaking strain. Length is important as a leader which is too short will not present properly and will make the fish suspicious. The butt of the leader should be easy to attach to the fly line and usually consists of a loop. At the end of the day’s fishing the leader will more than likely be much shorter than at the start. The making of leaders from monofilament is a skill and there are as many different styles as there are fishermen, being made for the conditions encountered and to suit the other equipment of each angler.

The abovementioned are those that are commercially available. To construct your own is a very valuable learning experience, to construct it and then go out and use it and see if it works as it should. There are a few guidelines which should be followed: Always use the same brand of leader material. Always follow a published design if you do not have a pattern of your own. Make various types of leader for various conditions. One type is not suitable for all conditions. Be certain that all knots are firm and secure, test each one by tugging. Always ensure that any knot or line twist is untangled immediately.

As the butt section is about two thirds the thickness of the line it is attached to, a different leader is required for each line size. It is therefore necessary that the intermediate sections of the leader should vary in size. If the tapering of the leader is too great, there is every likelihood of the leader parting under the strain of a hooked fish.

Breeeding Oscar Fish

Oscar Fish obviously requires a large tank due to their large size. They prefer clean and clear water with a deep sand bottom, and a few large rocks. If you keep plants with you Oscars they will be dug up however there are some people that believe that Oscars like to have plants that they can dig up in the aquarium and this might be true since many large cichlid like to have toys when kept in aquariums not to get bored. And since Oscars are large and very smart cichlids, you can actually teach them tricks, they might want something to do like digging up plant.

Be careful, they are enthusiastic eaters and they love to eat smaller fish. Thus, only keep them with other fish that are of the same size. Temperature is important, and should be kept stable somewhere in 79-86°F range. Feeding Oscars is not a problem since they will take every food you give, including flake frozen fish, prawns, pellets, earth worms, crickets, kitchen scrapes…and of course live food.

The most trying task to do is finding a mating pair. If your Oscar is adult in size, it becomes a really trial-and-error process. However once they form pairs they will stay together for the rest of their life. Probably the most common and effective method of finding pair of Oscars is to buy 6 or 8 young specimens (about 1 inch in length), and allowing them to grow up together. A mating pair can be identified from their mating play, which is a seemingly aggressive behavior towards each other; lip-locking, tail-slapping…. If one of the fish is overly aggressive, and it is a one-sided aggression and you should separate them or risk losing one of them.

During their spawning process, they will use their mouths to clean a flat rock, and the female will lay her eggs there. Not all the eggs are laid at once; the female will take breathers, at which time the male moves in and fertilizes the eggs. A female usually lays 1,000-2,000 eggs. The eggs are opaque at first, turning transparent in 24 hours. After the eggs are laid, both parents watch over the eggs, wafting the eggs with their fin and guarding them against predators. Occasionally they take the eggs in their mouth, which keeps them clean and turns up bad eggs, which are then destroyed.

If a constant tank temperature is maintained, the eggs should hatch in about 36 hours. At first, the fry cannot swim, but they squirm “en masse” on the rock, living off the egg sac, for about 4 days. The parents constantly attend to their young at this time. Feeding these fry is easier than other breeds, because of the baby Oscar’s relatively large size. A good and simple plan is to crush regular processed flake food in your fingers, and just drop it in. Turn off filtration during fry feeding time to make it easier for them to find their bits of food.

How the parents act towards their fry depends entirely on each fish personality. Some have numerous spawn and never bother their fry; others easily eat their young. To be on the safe side, you can separate the fry from their parents. However I do not recommend this until the parents have had a few unsuccessful spawnings. The fry will reach 1.5 to 2 inches after 12 weeks at which time they can be sold.

Plants For Fish Tank

The key to growing plants in your fish tank is the lighting. Most plants require high levels of light and if you have tried to put plants in your tank only to have them wither and die after a few weeks, this is most likely the reason. It’s a simple matter of getting a brighter bulb for the tank and you can have lush green plants that give your aquarium a natural look.

Planting natural aquarium plants is quite easy. Most plants you buy will have a root system which needs to be planted into the substrate. To do this, grasp the root end of the plant between your thumb and first finger while making a little hole in the substrate with your free fingers. Gently push the roots down into the hole and hold in place while swooshing back some of the substrate to cover the root ball. Rootless plants can be planted much the same way, instead of pushing the roots into the gravel push the bottom of the stems in.

There’s many different kinds of fish tank plants available at your local pet store or even for sale here on the internet. Here’s a list of some of the most popular aquarium plants.

Amazon Sword

The Amazon Sword (Echinodorus amazonicus (bleheri)) has long narrow flowing leaves that sway in the current. This plant can grow up to 50 cm tall. It requires good lighting and fertilization so is a bit harder to keep than most plants. If given the right environment, however it can be a fast grower, sending out shoots to reproduce. It prefers aquarium temps of around 30 degrees c. with a PH of 5.5 – 9.

Anubias Anugustifolia

Although the name is a mouthful, this plant is really quite pretty with long narrow leaves. This is a great plant to keep in your aquarium if you have a lot of herbivorous fish as they will not eat it. It does not need a lot of light so is rather easy to grow in most any aquarium. This plant is a slow grower but will reach up to 15 cm. It likes temperatures of betweeen 20 and 30 c and a PH of 5.5 – 8.


Moneywort (Bacopa monnieri) is another plant that is easy to grow in most fish tanks. It has a long stem with small leaves in pairs all along the length. This plant is a pretty good investment as you can propagate it by taking cuttings and then planting those right in the aquarium. It does like a lot of light and a PH of 6-9 in a tank that is between 15 and 30 degrees c. Given the right conditions, this plant to grow up to 30 centimeters.


Wisteria (Hygrophila difformis) doesn’t look anything like the vine that grows in your yard, but it is a wonderful aquarium plant with large oaky leaves. This plant also helps to prevent the growth of algae in the tank by absorbing nutrients from the water. It does need a lot of light but is a fast grower and can grow up to 50 cm. Plant Wisteria in a tank that has a PH between 5 and 9 with temps between 22 and 30 c.

Java Moss

This fish tank plant is different from the rest as it has a more mossy appearance and actually almost resembles coral in the way that it grows. It attaches itself to rocks or wood in the tank and it’s mossy tendrils extend upward to a height of 5cm. Requiring minimal light, this is one of the easiest plants to grow. It will tolerate most water conditions but prefers temps of 15 to 28 c. This plant may be a slow starter but is very hardy.

Aquatic Style Wall Mounted Aquarium

Conveying energy, vibrancy, and personality wall mounted aquariums are often affectionately referred to as living art or portrait aquariums. Aquariums add life to your open space, choosing this type of aquarium inspires a fresh, forward look with sophisticated style. The vast array of choices available in selecting a these aquarium only serves to increase its value in any room or office. Consider a wall mounted aquarium as an alternative to traditional art.

Aquariums mounted on the wall is, something visible like a living picture. Most wall aquariums are inserted into your wall sometimes leaving you stressed and inconvenience with all the preparation involved. With this  aquarium system, only certified safety wall brackets are used making them very safe, and no part of the wall needs to be removed and all fixing brackets and mounts are thoroughly tested to ensure that your aquarium stays on the wall.

Aquariums have been a popular conversation piece for decades. Wall mounted aquariums are quickly becoming the rage as they are becoming more available and easier to install. Unlike traditional aquariums wall mounted tanks require no floor space, so those in apartments or small offices are now open to enjoy the effects of aquatic life. From customizable designs and sizes to “wall like” furniture options, just about anyone can make this type of aquarium the newest addition to your open wall space.

When assessing the location for installing a your aquarium a few things are important. Determining tank size, placement, and design can seem tricky compared to a traditional aquarium, but with a little attention to detail anyone can do it. All the systems include detailed instructions pertaining to the rightful installation and maintenance of your aquarium.

Customization offers more variety in wall mounted aquariums than the traditional box style. Once you’ve decided on  this unique style you’ll quickly find it becomes the treasure of the room. Select from a variety of colours with wood veneers and stainless steel finishes, aquatic life, lighting and filtration to suit your style. Have fun with your new aquarium, it is sure to be the hit of any room.

Responsible Care for Freshwater Fish Aquarium

Some people find taking care of fishes as a pet difficult. The reason behind this maybe is that they lack familiarity or they were not given the right information on the proper ways on taking care of the aquarium as well as the fishes inside, but the truth is, it is not that much difficult at all.

There are several steps to be considered in order to become successful on taking care of freshwater fishes. First step is to have all the equipments to be used on the aquarium or fish tank. One is the filtration equipment, which is responsible for keeping and maintaining the cleanliness and freshness of the water on the tank and you need an air pump to keep the water on the tank aerated and to produce oxygen for the fish or plants inside the tank.

Decorations such as gravel, sand, and plants that can be plastic or real ones, depending on your choice, are great ideas as well. There are also some decorations nowadays made of plastic such as a fortress, vessel, shells and other fancy garlands and some aquarium backgrounds, which are commonly underwater views. Lights also give a very desirable effect on the enhancement of color in the aquarium and gives real plants inside chlorophyll for them to grow. However, beware of putting different decorations inside the tank because it may just pollute the water or just muddle the water inside. Always remember that fishes needs space for them to swim.

There must also be a cover on the aquarium to protect dust or other materials going into the tank. A stand for the aquarium also plays a vital role in keeping the balance of the tank. Other cleaning materials is also important such as a net, chlorine remover, heater for keeping the right temperature of the water and most importantly, fish food.

Some of the best advices is to be careful in feeding the fish because over feeding of fish may result to harm. There are also some people who put too many fishes on their aquarium, do not forget that some fish fights and it might cause inadequate supply of oxygen for the fish and real plants inside the tank if there are too many fishes on the tank.

Sick Goldfish

Being the good parent that you are, you have probably studied and memorized the normal movements and behaviors of your goldfish. If Goldie happens to become ill, look for signs that differ for their normal swimming patterns.

If your fish is shaking, hiding in corners and isolated places, gasping for breath near the surface of the tank, has his fins pressed together in a clamped fashion or demonstrates any other strange behaviors, it might be a good indicator that he’s coming down with an illness. Once you’ve noticed these odd actions, take a closer look at your fish and see if there are discolorations or markings on his body.

Fish with certain parasites might have red and inflamed areas, sometimes around the gills, or might have swollen blood bumps on eir bodies. Check for damaged fins, cloudy eyes and bumps or blisters that appear on the scales.

There are many common goldfish ailments that can be identified by examining your pet’s physical appearance. Once you have identified that there is definitely something wrong with your fish, it is a good idea to isolate him from your other fish in a hospital tank.

The hospital tank is prepared in advance and made to match the current environment of your fish, so that he won’t go into shock. If the ailment turns out to be contagious, it’s not a bad idea to treat your other fish as well as the sick one.

Unfortunately, some fish, no matter how hard you try, do not overcome their illness and continue to suffer until they pass away. Many people do not like to see their fish in constant pain and fell that euthanasia is appropriate. There are many methods out there for ending the life of a goldfish, so be sure to choose one that does not cause your fish even more pain.

Choosing A Fish Tank


The most prevalent shapes for fish tanks are hexagon and rectangular, but you can also buy rounded bubble tanks, coffee table tanks and even thin fish tanks that fit right in your wall! When deciding on the size of your tank, you need to consider the location where you will setup the tropical fish tank to be certain the tank will fit and won’t stick out into any traffic areas.

Rectangular fish tanks are best for your water quality and fish health. Because rectangular tanks are long, the surface area (the area that meets the air) is bigger in ratio than aquarium tanks of other shapes and sizes and allows for best exchange of gases and, hence a healthier aquarium tank. A hexagon shaped fish tank, looks neat, but there is not as much surface area. You can still have a successful hexagon shaped tank, but you will most likely need to spend more time maintaining the water and won’t be able to house as many tropical fish as you can when using a rectangular tank which holds as much water.


If just are going to have 1 fish as a conversation piece on a small shelf or bathroom vanity a cool decorative tropical aquarium could be just the thing. When picking a location for the fish tank be sure that you take the weight of the tank into consideration (a filled aquarium can weigh 12 pounds per gallon so a filled 20 gallon Aquarium Setup can weigh over 200 pounds) and locate it a spot that can support the weight including the right stand. When buying your aquarium tank, it is necessary to think about its placement in your house. If you are looking to add appeal to an empty corner, a hexagon shaped aquarium tank might be wonderful, but a long rectangular aquarium setup could make an interesting statement along a wall.


If you are just a beginner you should consider a 20 to 30 gallon aquarium setup. A small 5 gallon aquarium tank is fine if you do not have a lot of space but you will have to be sure you don’t overload the aquarium with fish or the quality of your water will suffer which can make your fish unhealthy. Don’t be tempted by those little fish tanks or bowls that have 1 or 2 fish with no filtration, Believe me, the fish will not live for a long time in that tank and you will spend a lot of time monitoring the water quality and performing water changes. The rule of thumb for size when buying an aquarium is that the bigger the aquarium tank, the less maintenance you’ll need to carry out and the more fish you can house.

Typically you can house 1 inch of fish for every gallon of water in the tank – along with adequate aeration and filtration, that is. If you buy a 20 gallon aquarium setup, you can have 20 inches of tropical fish, or about 15 fish with the tinier 5 gallon aquariums you will only be able to keep 2 or 3 fish.

Fish Tank Maintenance

You should perform regular fish tank maintenance every two to three weeks. This means that you should look at the overall condition of your tank. Start with the outside first. Make sure that everything is functioning the way that it should. Check the lights, the filter, the heater, and the pump. If anything looks like it is not working properly, be sure to fix the problem before moving on. Malfunctioning aquarium equipment will also cause the fish tank to require more frequent cleaning and maintenance.

Ignoring an issue like this will not make it just go away. In fact, it will only make the problem worse and endanger the life of your fish. After thoroughly checking the outside of the tank, move to the inside. Check to make sure that the water temperature is where it should be, and that the chemicals in the water are within an acceptable range. Also, remember to check and see if your gravel needs to be cleaned. If it does, take care of it right away. How about the walls of the tank? If there is a lot of algae growing, be sure to find out why, and also clean it off.

If you need help with fish tank maintenance, there are many books available. You can also ask your local pet store for advice on fish tank maintenance. The Internet is also a great source of information, as there are hundreds of websites devoted to fish tanks and aquarium enthusiasts.

Fish tank maintenance is an important aspect of your larger aquarium setup-and is important to integrate into your overall scheme. There are ways to keep maintenance down, but you can not escape the inevitability of having to perform maintenance. For example, there are special fish you can buy, called algae eaters, that will eat the algae from the inside of the tank. They do a fair job, but a thorough cleaning can’t be beat.

Fish Tank Filters

There are five main fish tank filters to consider. They are: power filters, canister filters, wet/dry filters, internal filters, and inline filters. Each one of these has their own advantages and disadvantages. Also, each one of these comes in many different models and sizes. Shop around and get the filtering system suitable to what you are planning to do with your fish aquarium. Do not get one that is too small for the job and also watch being sold one that is simply oversized.

Power filters provide even water distribution which causes good filtration. These power fish tank filters are also good at maintaining water flow, even if the cartridge should become clogged. This is a good feature to have, because it can help to keep your fish happy, even if a problem with the cartridge arises. Canister filters are great for people who plan on having a lot of plants in their tank. Wet/dry filters are among the most quiet and efficient filters on the market. If you are thinking about breeding your fish, you may want to go with an internal filter. Internal filters have been proven to be among the best filters to use when breeding fish. Last, inline filters are the best at controlling water chemicals. Inline fish tank filters also take up the least amount of space.

Fish tank filters can sometimes be a difficult buy because of all of the options available. It is important to keep in mind what you are looking to get out of your tank. Also, be sure to ask questions when you are purchasing your filter. This can be the best way to make sure you are getting what you want. There are some good and knowledgeable sales people available to answer your questions. The filter is not the place to try to save money, but rather the area of greatest concern. You want your fish to be healthy and happy, so spend the time needed to find out about all the different filter options.