Set Up Saltwater Aquarium

There are several different techniques to set a saltwater aquarium. Therefore, prior to purchasing a fish tank, realize that every kind of tank requires a different setup with regard to lighting, filtration and chemical levels. When it is your very first fish tank, putting it together is certainly an overwhelming job.

Aside from that, you need to decorate the aquarium also. The next sort of saltwater aquarium is going to be the coral reef aquarium. FYI, when you bought an Aquarium set, there’s not included all your saltwater aquarium kit inside. Today you should know a couple of things about these salt water aquarium filters before you get them. When you set a salt water tank filter, then you are going to understand that lots of things are included in this. Therefore, you require water tank filters if you prefer to wash out these germs.

After all of your aquarium is the most likely the center piece of your house and it ought to be in pristine viewing state. As soon as you have set up your saltwater aquarium and it’s full of saltwater, you will want to cycle the water. This way of producing a concrete saltwater aquarium is among the best approaches to maintain natural live coral and can definitely enhance the attractiveness of your tank.

If it’s necessary, you can use additional aquarium water treatment such as Kent Marine. Read the directions to establish how much will have to be dosed to increase your aquarium’s magnesium to 1600-1700 Ppm. Draining aquarium twice a month will be a minimum task for regular maintenance. If you follow this advice, you are going to have a tank for fish that is in good form.

Aquariums are truly among the most valuable purchases everybody can make. Keeping a saltwater aquarium can be an enriching experience along with a stress-relieving pastime. When contemplating the equipment required to begin a saltwater aquarium, some items are variable while some can’t be avoided. Really understanding how to sustain a saltwater tank isn’t too difficult. A 30-gallon tank may be the smallest tank you should think about.

Saving the Bluebird

Early in the last century, citizens of The U.S. Canada And Bermuda Formed a movement whose actions prevented the endangerment and possible extinction of what they then sometimes referred to as the blue robin.

Bluebird populations had been waxing and waning in response to human activities since the time of European settlement. The clearing of the land for pastures orchards or gardens created hospitable spaces for the bluebird. Something as simple as a post hole in a fence or a crevice in a barn became housing for a then thriving bluebird population. Early American agriculturalists bore a hatred for the chicken hawk, which they would often shoot, thinning out the population of bluebird predators. For a time the bluebird multiplied its number.

Sometime around 1900 starlings were introduced into the North American continent from Europe. It has been said this was done merely as a novelty but it was an amusement that was to have catastrophic consequences for the bluebird population. Starlings evict bluebirds from their habitat and eat the berries which make up a significant portion of their diet.

Just as human folly had brought about the horrific debacle it would take the actions of a broad coalition of people to rescue them from at least near oblivion. The response by a concerned citizenry was to erect birdhouses, [often called nest boxes] across the range of bluebird habitation in the U.S., lower Canada and Bermuda.

These nest sites made up what was then dubbed Bluebird trails. Later in 1938 a combination of bird enthusiasts, garden clubs and the Missouri Highway Department established the National Bluebird trail.

The birdhouses were made of cedar and most importantly had entry holes too small for the larger invasive starling to enter [4cm]. They were made following a design invented by Dr. Thomas E. Musselman of Quincy Illinois. His mailbox type birdhouse allowed bird enthusiasts to view inside the box by lifting the lid, enabling them to inspect inside. They then were able to determine not only whether it had been occupied but the state of the occupants. This greatly eased the pressure on bluebird populations but other problems faced them.

Around the same time the starling was introduced another European species made its arrival, the house sparrow. Unlike the starling the house sparrow can fit through holes fashioned for a bluebird. The havoc they wreak is horrific. These invaders destroy the eggs of songbirds kill nestlings and even adults.

As an invasive species house swallows enjoy no protection under law. It is a difficult task to put an animal to death, especially for bird lovers but this is the only method of protection for bluebirds and other songbirds from these aggressors. Some birders have fashioned traps which fit into bluebird houses. Once a sparrow is trapped it is placed into a larger trap that allows entry but bars exit. The sparrows are gregarious and are attracted to others of their species. Enthusiasts have reported great results with this method.

Hermann Tortoise

When choosing your pet Hermann tortoise, you need to be certain that you are purchasing from a good local breeder. Tortoises that have been imported may have been wild-caught, which means it is illegal to keep them as pets. It also means that they have endured a long and stressful journey, so you will not be getting a very healthy tortoise if it has been imported from very far. You can test the quality of the breeder by finding out what the suggest for housing and feeding Herman tortoises.

If they suggest using any commercial pellet food that is made for tortoises, they do not know very much about this species of tortoise. Because commercial pellet food is meant to cover the dietary needs of all the tortoise species, it is actually harmful to the Hermann tortoise. Pellet food does not have enough fiber and calcium and contains too much protein for them. The extra protein will cause bone deformities and shell abnormalities for Hermann tortoises. In the wild, Hermann tortoises are herbivores, and that strict plant diet needs to be given to them for optimum health.

The other thing to listen for is being told that these tortoises can be kept indoors. Although this is true with hatchlings, older tortoises need to be kept outside in an area that offers at least 100 square feet (10 square meters) of space. Part of the false advice given by these bad breeders is that you can keep the cage heated with an electric heat rock. These heat rocks warm from the bottom, the part of the tortoise that is the most sensitive. These heat rocks are not only a fire hazard, but can also burn your tortoise’s delicate underneath.

Because there are so many people out there that are only breeding and selling Hermann tortoises for profit, it’s important to make sure that you are getting your new pet from someone who really cares about the species and knows how to properly care for one.

Ragdoll Cat

This breed is one of the largest of the cat breeds, weighing between ten and twenty pounds. It is no surprise that such heavy cats have big, muscular bodies. Their heads are slightly round, their ears are small and rounded, and their large eyes are in a brilliant blue color. This breed’s tail is slightly bushy and tapers at the end.

The Ragdoll does not come in a wide range of colors and patterns. In fact, there are actually only four colors accepted by the Cat Fancier’s Association, Seal, Chocolate, Blue, and Lilac. You can find these colors in pointed, mitted, or bicolor patterns, but some breeders avoid mitted cats because they look too much like the breed’s Birman ancestors.

The Ragdoll’s calm demeanor makes it the perfect choice for families. These cats are almost dog like in their behavior, greeting family members at the door, following them through the house, and snuggling down beside them on the sofa. If you do not believe in de-clawing your cat, but are concerned about having your furniture ruined, you may want to consider this breed as well. Some Ragdoll owners say their cats have learned to use a scratching post instead of furniture arms to sharpen their claws much more quickly than their other cat breeds. Since these cats seem to make an effort to keep from scratching people, as well, they may be less prone to scratch furniture in the first place.

While this cat breed does not need the company of other pets and seems to prefer to spend time with family members over cats, it does not mind living with other cats. Perhaps this is because this breed is so much larger than other cats, but it is most likely because the Ragdoll is just so sweet natured.

Since the Ragdoll is a longhair cat, some prospective cat owners are a bit hesitant about choosing this breed. They are afraid they won’t have time for the frequent grooming most longhairs require. However, this breed’s silky coat texture makes it a very low care cat. Combing through your cat’s hair weekly to remove stray hairs or debris is all that is necessary to keep his coat looking fantastic. One thing you may want to keep in mind is that although most longhairs are prone to hairballs, these cats rarely develop them.

Creating a Turtle Habitat

The habitat you provide for the turtle should have adequate lighting. It should have a shaded area so the turtle does not have to stay in the sun for extended amounts of time. It should have clean water. If it is an indoor aquarium you will want to consider the addition of a baking lamp. You need to give turtle’s places to swim and places to get out of the water to rest if they are aquatic. If they are not aquatic the area to swim in will not be necessary.

Some of the turtle species do not do well in indoor habitats. A box turtle really needs an outdoor pen established for them. When you set a pen outside the turtle will naturally start to hibernate in the fall of the year. Do not disturb them when they are in hibernation. If they do not hibernate properly their natural body cycles that allow them to breed will be disrupted. They can also develop kidney diseases from insufficient hibernation time. They will naturally emerge from their hibernation in the spring of the year.

An indoor tank can be set up for most turtle pets. These tanks need to be at least forty gallon tanks to provide the adequate amount of room the creature needs for swimming and for dry land. This will also provide them with enough room to grow and develop into a mature turtle.

The turtle will require the equivalent of twelve hours of sunlight each day. You can use a UV lamp to provide this light for them. The UV lamp will make certain that they get enough vitamin D3 to live healthy.

Nutritious Foods for Tokay Gecko


This feeder insect is one of the most nutrient rich foods for your Tokay and they are very accessible. You can buy them in almost every pet store nationwide. They are high in protein and B vitamins. Crickets are considered the staple food for most gecko owners.


Though they are not very pleasing for humans, worms are very good source of nourishment for Tokays. Mealworms and wax worms are very rich in dietary fat and valuable protein. They are good nutrient source for recovering females after laying eggs. Also, Tokay geckos recovering from illness can greatly benefit from its dietary fats to easily recover lost energy and gain weight. However, you don’t want to over feed your gecko with wax worms. They are very addictive to geckos and they may refuse to eat other food other than wax worm which may lead to obesity.


In their natural habitat, Tokay geckos often eat small insects. This includes beetles. Beetles contain proteins, vitamin B, and phosphorus. However, beetles may not be as available as meal worms and crickets since they are hard to breed and only few gecko owners use them to feed their Tokay geckos.


You can find them in your own backyard. But if you choose to feed your Tokays with grasshoppers, make sure that they are small enough for your Tokay geckos. Grasshoppers are very active insect and may harm your Tokay gecko if they’re big enough to put up a fight. But nonetheless, grasshoppers are very rich in protein. They actually contain twice the protein content of crickets.

Iguana Facts

Iguana Behavioral Characteristics

Iguanas can seem to be threatened fairly easily, and when you don’t observe their mannerisms and behavior closely enough you may get bitten or hit by its massive tail. Unlike cats and dogs, iguanas will not vocalize a lot before biting, so be careful particularly if the iguana hasn’t been fully tamed.

When you first bring your new pet home do not over handle him or overexpose him to strangers. It will take a few weeks to gradually acclimate him to his new environment. Once he is comfortable in his new surrounding, begin to socialize him gradually and the bonding process will go much better.

The dewlap, or the large wad of skin beneath the iguana’s jowls, is additionally used to communicate. In the wild, an iguana may raise its head to extend the dewlap to signal a basic “Hello” to members of its own species.

An extended dewlap may also mean that it is attempting to protect its territory from the human owner or from other iguanas. During mating season an extended dewlap may mean “I desire to mate”. This only applies should there be female iguanas in the same enclosure, and it’s mating season.

If your iguana has been tamed, and is used to your presence, an extended dewlap may signify it is just a little drafty and it’s making an attempt to make itself feel warmer.

Iguana Mannerisms

  • Head Bobbing: I am the man of the house?
  • Head Bobbing: (to owner) “Howdy Mate!”
  • Head Bobbing: (fast, laterally then up and down) I’m threatened do not go near me!
  • Tongue Flicking: Just exploring the air. Possibly eating something.
  • Tongue Flicking: I’m about to take a bite from something.
  • Sneezing: I’m purging my system of something.
  • Tail Whipping: I’m planning to attack.?
  • Squirming Around: I do not like being held.
  • Head and Front Legs Stretching: I feel great and I feel good!

Iguana Anatomy

Just like other reptiles, your iguana has a set of eyes that have evolved to scan the environment for food and potential predators. It has a pair of ears that are protected by a fairly wide element of skin called the subtympanic shield.

The iguana also forms spines along its back; these pliable spines are called the caudal spines and, as time passes, these grow in length and become harder. Iguanas also have a flap of skin under their lower jaw known as the dewlap.

Iguanas are herbivorous (they are nourished by plants only), so they are equipped with small, yet very sharp, teeth that are designed to tear apart fibrous plant matter. Be cautious when bringing your hands near the iguana’s mouth, because those teeth can cause serious tears in your skin. If you look closely at the top of the iguana’s head, you will observe a prominent, light patch of scale.

This is called the parietal eye, or third eye. The iguana uses its third eye to detect changes in light in a given area. It is thought this primordial eye is also used to detect flying predators, hence the iguana can make a run for cover before becoming another animal’s lunch or dinner.

Inexpensive Chicken Feeders

Start by placing one of the buckets inside of the planter base, measuring it around the edges to ensure it’s centered properly. Then hold the bucket in place and trace around the perimeter of the bucket. Remove the bucket and put some glue or caulking on the bottom of the bucket and then place it back inside the mark you made in the bottom of the planter base. Once placed inside the traced ring of your planter base, gently push down on the bucket so the caulking will stick well to the planter base. Then carefully flip the bucket top side down and screw around four 1 inch screws around the bottom of the planter base so that it secures the bucket to it. Make sure not to place your screws too far to the outside or you might miss the bottom of the bucket. I estimate that you can start placing screws around 4 inches from the outside of the planter base.

There you have it! A nice 5 gallon bucket feeder!

But why stop there? Why not add another bucket on top to double the amount of feed you can pour in? To do this, cut out the bottom of the other 5 gallon bucket. Then position it inside the other bucket so that the bottom of it is about 2-3 inches from the top of the other bucket. There will be a gap of about 1/2 inch. However, even with this gap it can still be screwed into the bottom bucket. This is the tricky part but it can be done! Measure down from the top of the bottom bucket (the one already attached to the planter base) about 2-3 inches. Mark along the whole perimeter of the inside of the this bucket. Use that mark as a guide for where to place the bottom of the upper bucket. Then, while holding the bucket begin carefully screwing the buckets together. This is done by taking the longer screws (2 inches long) and screwing into the outside of the bottom bucket. As the screw penetrates through the bucket and into the inside bucket it will pull the inside bucket tight. After you get one screw in, place another screw directly across from the first, making sure it is level with the marked line. Then place at least 2 to 4 more screws at various points around the perimeter to secure it in place. OK, you’re done! Congratulations!

Other tips: I used wood screws in mine because they worked well to drill into the plastic without needing to pre-drill. I can hold a 50 gallon bag of chicken feed in this larger feeder, which works great for a larger flock. You can get buckets for free at your local grocery store bakery! Or, you can also find them used at places that sell used or repurposed building materials. Planter bases can be found at any larger box store like Walmart or Target etc. You can also find them at your local garden center. I would suggest using some inexpensive caulking from Home Depot, Lowes, or hardware store. It costs about $2.50 for a tube. Regular glue can be used as well, but it won’t adhere as well as caulking. On one of my feeders I didn’t use any caulking or glue and simply screwed the planter base onto the bottom of the bucket. This feeder is holding up just fine, so the choice is yours to use adhesive or not. However, it may help a to use glue or caulking to hold the planter base more firmly in place while screwing it into the bucket. Otherwise, it may slip off-center while screwing it in, and make for crooked placement in the planter base.

Rabbit Care

Before you adopt a pet, you need to be as ready as you can. First of all, you must be ready to spare some of your time everyday for your pet rabbit. They would need your attention so you must be able to provide it. As a responsible pet owner, you must also be ready to provide important things to your rabbit. You would need to buy a rabbit cage, grooming stuff, and other materials used for rabbit care. If you are busy doing other activities and you think you could not give the needed attention for your pet rabbit, at least have someone who has proper knowledge and sufficient time to look after them.

If you do know the basics when it comes to rabbit care, there are a lot of resources that could help you. You can surf the web, read eBooks, and magazines to get valuable information. There are also seminars offered for pet owners. Learning how to train your rabbit, how to use specific pet tools, and feeding your pet properly are among the things you can learn from them. If you are really serious enough in taking good care of your pet, you would be willing to learn about important things to make sure that your pet is always in good condition.

Another important thing to think about is getting professional help for your pet rabbit. This is one of the most important factors to consider before adopting a pet. There are a lot of pet doctors out there whom you can ask for help in taking good care of your pets. They are the best persons to take care of your rabbit. Pet doctors could also give you valuable tips and recommendations so getting their services for your pets are a must. You’ll have peace of mind if you know there is always someone you can turn to if your pet rabbit gets sick.

After learning all the things needed to take good care of a pet and considering all the important factors, it is time to ask yourself if you are indeed ready to adopt a pet rabbit. If you are, then that is the right time to get one. Just make sure that you are able to sustain all the things needed to be done by a responsible pet owner.

Cat Poisoning Symptoms


Lethargy is definitely one of the most common cat poisoning symptoms. Your normally energetic cat won’t seem to have any energy at all. He will appear to be weak and uninterested in activities that he typically enjoys participating in on a daily basis.


If your cat isn’t lethargic, then you may notice something strange whenever he does move around after being poisoned. He may stumble around and be unable to walk in a straight line. This is definitely out of the ordinary for cats.


Another sign that your cat may have ingested something he wasn’t supposed to is vomiting. This is the body’s natural response to poisoning in an effort to get rid of the harmful substance. In some cases, blood will appear in the vomit.


Vomiting is just one way that your cat’s body tries to get rid of harmful poisons. Diarrhea is yet another method. As with vomiting, diarrhea may sometimes be accompanied by blood.


Breathing improperly definitely signals that something is wrong with your cat. After being poisoned, the breathing may start to become very rapid and shallow. It is also common for cats to salivate excessively, especially if the tongue starts swelling up.


In extreme cases, seizures can also develop due to poisoning in cats. Convulsions may also occur. Either of these cat poisoning symptoms signals that the brain has been affected, and treatment is needed immediately.


There are a few other miscellaneous signs of poisoning in cats. Always pay attention if your cat seems to be experiencing general pain or weakness. The appearance of dehydration is also one of the common cat poisoning symptoms to be wary of.