About Corn Snake


There are a few on this list that can be considered “number one”, however I feel this is probably the one most people tend to over look. While the maintenance for a snake isn’t nearly as much as a dog, it’s just as important. Like any pet, it’s going to require feeding, handling, cleaning up after, etc. Remember that the life span of a healthy Corn snake is between 10 to 20 years.


One of the most important things to plan for is finding someone responsible to care for your Corn snake whenever you must go out of town for any reason such as vacation or a business trip. Not only should they be responsible, they need to also not be afraid of snakes. You’ll come to find that it isn’t quite as easy as finding a pet sitter for a dog or cat. This brings me to the next thing on this list


Your snake will feed on either frozen or live mice. If the thought of handling this part of the responsibility makes you uncomfortable, this consideration should be very high on your list. Another thing to consider is that you will need to have a place to store the mice. Also, this will be another requirement for the person you select to watch your snake when you are out of town.


Remember that your snake will need housing, a heating source, substrate, hides, and food. While baby Corn snakes can be kept in small containers, such as a shoe box; they will soon out grow it and will need to be moved to a bigger tank.


I would suggest purchasing a corn snake from a local breeder, or from a local reptile expo. These shows are held annually in various cities across the country. If attending one of these shows isn’t possible then my next suggestion would be to purchase it from a reputable website. Be sure to do a thorough research on Google for customer reviews and ratings. I would avoid purchasing one from a local pet store if possible but if you have no other choice, some things to look out for include: Is the store clean? Do the employees appear to be good with snakes and knowledgeable? By asking a few basic questions, you’ll know if they have any knowledge at all. Some questions you can ask include: What do you recommend for tank size? How often should I feed it? What is the idea temperature for my Corn snake? What should I do if it won’t eat? If they can answer these types of questions then it’s time to move onto the snake. Be sure to check the snake thoroughly. It should be alert and responsive. It should also be free of any scars or parasites. The body weight should be appropriate for its size, not scrawny and weak. It should also have good muscle tone.

Info of Goldfish Analysis

Goldfish sure are smart not in the sense as dogs are, but they are smart. They will swim up to meet you probably because they think you are going to feed them. They might not be able to differentiate between one person and the other but they do know that the people they live with are the caregivers. Know that they depend on you and hence love you.

Why is a new goldfish not moving in its bowl, when he is very much alive?
Well first of all, he probably hates being in a bowl. Goldfish do not like bowls even though humans think the bowls are cute. Put him in a tank with a compatible companion goldfish. Meanwhile watch the fish. Is he coming up to the top of the tank when you feed him? If he is then, he’s probably just getting used to the new bowl. If it looks like he has difficulty swimming and that he keeps sinking to the bottom he might have a swim bladder disorder caused by too much dry food and bad water.

Why is a goldfish swimming to the top every once in a while?
Goldfish keep swimming to the surface of the tank because that’s where they get their oxygen. Always make sure that there is enough empty space at the top. Do not fill up the tank to the brim, as leaving space will give them the required oxygen. If your fish are normally active, swimming and chasing each other a round, don’t worry if they swim to the top every once in a while.

Why do goldfish always seem starving?

That’s because they are greedy! Don’t get tempted enough to feed them whenever they ask for it because overfeeding will cause them more harm. Besides, goldfish can never starve to death; they are always nibbling away at something or the other.

Why would one goldfish lie motionless most of the time whilst the rest swim around? Is it a social outcast?

If you have different varieties of goldfish, make sure they are compatible. The slower fancy varieties might get stressed out by the faster ones like comets. Yes, they might feel like outcasts and keep to themselves. Some goldfish might even get aggressive with another and in that case you need to one that is being badgered to another tank.

Why are all the goldfish so lifeless and tend to stay at the bottom of the tank most of the time, like they are very tired?

If they aren’t swimming as they usually do, something is definitely bothering them.

If you tank is brand new and the goldfish are having a problem because the tank has not been cycled. Wait a while and watch. Make sure you cycle the tank before you put them in because a new tank cannot deal with the ammonia that the goldfish produce.

If you tank is an old one and the goldfish are suddenly more still than usual it could be that the toxicity of the water is bothering them. So change the water. When your goldfish seem inactive, you must check the water for nitrites and the pH level.

Important Things Aquarium Light

There are numerous kinds of aquarium lighting intended for different purposes and not one of the options directly empowers the fish! It may be necessary for coral and plants, but it’s not for the fish. The right lighting for aquarium is dependent upon the individual set-up and the light demands of the tanks inhabitants.

Aquarium lighting, for instance can cost you particularly if your purchase is wholly wrong for your objective. It describes any type of artificial lighting that is used to light up an aquarium. It’s an important aspect when keeping your aquarium and it’s an often overlooked area that can at times be confusing for a newcomer to aquariums. It’s quite important feature of the successful aquarium and many people do not give it that much importance. Brackish fish tanks lighting resembles freshwater and planted tank lighting, based on the species included.

Lighting is a significant portion of having an aquarium that is attractive, and since you browse within this guide, it’s very helpful to the plant life, fish and coral you’ve got in the aquarium too. Lighting ought to be designed at the very best way to mimic natural daylight. You only need to understand a few things so that you select the ideal aquarium lighting for your tanks needs.

Fluorescent Lighting is really the most normal lighting kit system today. LED lighting is getting to be one of the most well-known choices for aquarium hobbyists. LED lighting is also famous for its flexibility, allowing users to add particular colours or addition lighting modules on the way.

Lights are among the most significant components of your aquarium habitat. The light it puts out is awesome. There are a variety of reasons to find best lights and a great deal of diverse options to select from. When it has to do with selecting the appropriate LED aquarium lights, you might be wondering what you’ll need to think about

Breeding Lovebirds

I have been keeping lovebirds since my childhood when I was a school going kid. I first time bought lovebirds when I was in eighth grade and that was a pair of Fischer’s lovebirds. I have the experience of keeping lovebirds both as single pairs in individual cages as well as in small colonies of four pairs. By far I can say that breeding results I achieved in colonies were far better than individual cages.

Breeding results in individual cages as well as in aviaries mostly depends on the type of species you breed. The most common types of lovebirds such as the Fischer’s lovebirds, Peach faced lovebirds and the Masked lovebirds breed better when they are kept and bred in colony settings. This refers back to their natural instinct of breeding in the wild and this behavior is replicated in captivity.

Other species of lovebirds such as the Madagascar lovebirds, which I don’t have the experience of breeding anyway, is a better breeder when kept in single pairs. So you must be very sure which lovebird species you want to keep and select the type of cage accordingly. Also how many pairs you want to keep is also a determining factor in selecting the type of cage you should purchase or build yourself.

I have the experience of breeding lovebirds in different aviary sizes. The first colony I built for my Fischer’s lovebirds was a 4 feet square colony and I kept four breeding pairs in that cage. The breeding results were excellent with four pairs and each pair was raising 4-5 chicks in each clutch. But that aviary size had its disadvantages because it was difficult for me to inspect my birds because cage height was too short.

Now I am using aviary sizes of 4’x6’x7′ in height with ten or more pairs in a single large flight. Large cage sizes with more birds gives them the sense of security and a stress free environment and the better breeding results you get. What I realize now is that the depth and height of the aviary is more important than the front of the colony. The more deep the cage the more they get focused on breeding.

The environment and place of the colony is very important for their long term health and breeding. Make sure the aviary is situated in a well ventilated place where there is a lot of air passing in and out of the colony. Do not place your lovebirds colony in a place where there is excess heat and direct sunlight on the aviary especially in South Asian countries where the summer gets too hot.

The colony should be covered well with a roof so that the rain water do not enter their breeding boxes or pots because you may risk the chicks getting wet in the rain water. The roof should be in a slope so that the rain water may not accumulate on the top of the roof and consequently enters inside the cage. I have made water holes at the base of the colonies for water drainage in case if any rain water enters inside the breeding colonies from the sides.

Wire mesh with spacing no more than 1/2 inch is ideal for lovebirds. The wire should be strong enough so that lovebirds may not cut it out and fly away because they have very strong beaks and they can cut wires that are not strong enough. Wire mesh is preferred over bars because with it they can climb easily. Cages with darker colors gives the better view of the birds inside.

Make sure that you build an aviary that is easily cleanable. I have made double doors on all my colonies, the smaller one for placing food and water dishes and the bigger one is for cleaning the cage and inspection. The colonies with more birds in them need to be cleaned frequently at least once every week so that there may not develop any bacterial and viral infection in your birds.

I cover all my colonies with a green cloth so that any direct sunlight may not enter inside the colonies in the hot summer season. It also helps to lower down the temperature in the surrounding areas of the colonies and protect my birds from extra heat in the day time. It provides an increased sense of protection and security for my birds from predators such as eagles and cats. It also protects the colonies from winds and heavy rains.

The sticks you place inside the cages should be of varying sizes and shapes to keep their feet in good shape. Sticks should be considerably thick so that they can have a firm grip on them while sitting. If you can, place natural tree branches in the aviary because they are of varying diameters and are good for their feet. Also they provide a natural living environment for your lovebirds. Place the food and water dishes away from perches so that they may not get contaminated with droppings of birds.

The cage should be constructed from iron, steel or similar material and should not be constructed from soft wood. Lovebirds have very sharp beaks and they have a habit to gnaw anything and everything that is inside the cage. They can easily chew cages made from wood and similar material and you risk your birds chew the cage and fly away in a very short time.

I made all my colonies with angle iron and with separate frames for each side. I fixed them together with welding spots which provides them extra strength and they do not move. All my cages are three sides of wire mesh and one side is fixed with the wall. I can easily detach the frames and move the cages to some other location anytime I want. Also transporting the cage is easy because each frame is separate.

Horse Training Techniques

Besides skills, like feet handling and halter training, one of the two schools of thought when it comes to horse training involves giving the horses adequate freedom. This method focuses on horses’ natural instincts in their growth. Training horses using this method will require you to not put your hands on them to develop herd dynamics. Similar to a child in school, It is important for you, the teacher, to allow some breathing room and to pull back from overwhelming your student.

Though the natural horse training will require you to do almost nothing, it is still important to know about the basic things in this kind of drill. The natural training is suitable for young horses. When they reach 2 to 3 years, you can slowly teach them some basics. This is important because good timing and feel about the horses is also necessary.

You can just leave your horse roaming the farm at first, but you can also conduct simple trainings for starters. Simply make sure to keep your training activities interesting and fun to do. Even if your horse is already undergoing training, it still needs to be close to its mother. This calms young horses down and makes them feel more at ease while in the training. And finally, when training your horse, explore which touches it doesn’t like and which touches it enjoys, this will help you figure out how to handle your horse better.

Natural Training Tricks and Techniques You Must Know for Young Horses

Horse training can mean a lot of things. But it is totally worthless if you know nothing about different tricks and techniques you could use. The length of your training session with your horse will be dependent on its age. If you are dealing with a younger horse, it is recommended that the session is shorter than the adult horses.

You need to learn first the different methods of learning which are through making associations with uncontrollable factors and finally through punishment and reinforcement methods. And while the reward and punishment method is very effective, you have to weigh how much reward or punishment will be most effective to use. Too much reward will spoil your horse and too much punishment will lead to your horse’s pain, fear and frustration, and thus will suppress its learning capability.

Before you decide to leave your horse during training, learn as much as you can about your horse first. Ascertain your horse’s mood by looking at its movements. When its head is held up, it means that it is uptight. If its head is low, it means that your horse is relaxed. This will also be your telltale sign if your horse is ready to be trained.

While it is an important rule to know strategies of handling your horse, it is also necessary that you keep your emotions in check. It is always best to not be frustrated when training, instead, be calm and patient. In time, you will find that your self-confidence radiates down from your body to your horse. With sufficient practice, timing and patience, you will soon find your horse able and willing to learn from you.

Teaching Children How to Handle Rabbit Food

The first thing that needs to be done when teaching the children how to handle rabbit food is pointing teaching them about the different foods that can be consumed by rabbits and the ones that cannot. Make sure that they understand the dangers associated with feeding rabbits the wrong foods. Secondly, if the food needs preparation or cooking, pre-cook the food and freeze it to make things easier. The children can have the food de-frozen with supervision, before feeding the pet. It is also important to teach them about hygiene while handling the food to avoid contamination.

Thirdly it is important for children to know the right times to feed the pet, to avoid overfeeding it or underfeeding it. Portions are also very important when it comes to feeding rabbits and the children need to know how to measure the food before feeding the pet. It is wise to stock up on the rabbits favorite meals to avoid leaving the judgment call to children.

Finally, despite the fact that you may be tempted to give the rabbit the food that it loves, it is important to teach the children to give it a balanced diet. They should always learn to give the rabbit fresh food so that it can enjoy its meals without any complications. It is important to have a variety of food for the rabbit so that it does not get bored eating the same type of food all over again.

Remember that at the end of the day children will always be children. Depending on their age, all feeding sessions should be closely monitored to make sure that the children are actually feeding the pet food. Children should also be taught how to hold the rabbit appropriately to avoid placing the pet in dangerous situations. Keep children away from the rabbit if they consistently place the rabbit in harm’s way, until you are completely sure that they understand how to respect animals.

Cleaning after the rabbit is also one of the other things that children should be taught. They should not handle the rabbit’s droppings with their bare hands and they should also wash their hands after cleaning the rabbit’s droppings. They should also be taught to give the rabbit space when it hops away and how to gently pet it.

Ragamuffin Cat Breed

The same characteristics that make the Ragamuffin such a wonderful family pet make it a bad choice for people who are not home for long periods of time. This breed thrives on attention and enjoys ‘helping’ its family do routine household chores, such as putting away groceries or folding laundry. Spending a lot of time alone can make your cat very unhappy. After all, a cat breed that will ride around in your child’s doll carriage or attend a tea party obviously loves plenty of company and attention.

The Ragamuffin is one of the biggest cat breeds, weighing in at a very hefty ten to twenty pounds. Although these cats have larger than normal bones, part of their weight also comes from their tendency to carry a bit of extra fat on their bellies. This breed has a big, solidly built body, a wedge shaped head that is a bit round and large eyes that are so expressive that many people say that their cats seem to talk with their eyes. This breed has a long, gracefully tapered tail that is covered in long hair, giving it a bushy appearance. You can find the Ragamuffin in almost any coat color and any pattern. However cats with points can not be shown.

The Cat Fancier’s Association classifies the Ragamuffin as a member of the Miscellaneous class. This cat breed is the only one currently in this category. As the breed becomes more established, it will eventually move to the Provisional class. While the Ragamuffin can be shown, it can not receive any ribbons or awards until it moves from the Miscellaneous class and into a different class.

Ragamuffins have long hair with an extremely soft texture. Despite the fact that these cats are longhairs, the silkiness of their hair makes them easy to care for. This breed is not prone to developing matted hair and one of these cats only needs to be groomed about once a week to keep his coat looking beautiful and tangle free.

Since these cats have a tendency to carry a few more pounds than necessary around their stomachs, you may need to keep a close eye on your Ragamuffin’s weight. If he grows too overweight, you should ask your veterinarian about feeding your cat a weight management cat food. Except for this weight problem, this cat breed has no hereditary health conditions and is an extremely healthy breed overall.

If you want a large, gentle cat that actually enjoys being around children, then the Ragamuffin is the perfect breed for you.

Water For Betta Fish

The actual best water for your Betta fish is just plain old tap water! (By the way, if you’ve been using bottled water in the past, don’t worry. It won’t kill your fish, but unless your local tap water is so bad that you don’t drink it either, switch back to tap water ASAP. And if you have to used bottled water, make it spring water, and follow the steps below, to make sure that you remove any harmful chemicals before adding it to your Betta’s tank.)
Of course, because most of the water we drink is chemically treated, there are a few steps to follow to make the water safe for your Betta fish – but don’t worry! Follow these simple instructions and it will be a breeze:

  • Find out if your local water supply is treated with a chemical called chloramines. (If so, then you’ll have to buy a special treatment for it. It’s called AmQuel and is readily available at most pet stores.)
  • Plain tap water right from the tap will kill your fish, because of the chlorine (chloramines), so it has to be treated first. The product to do this that’s also best for your Betta fish is called “stress coat” and you’ll find it at your local pet store too.
  • Once you’ve treated the water according to package directions, it needs to “age” which will allow all of the chemicals and gasses to evaporate, and also for the pH in the water to normalize. To do this, just let it sit in an open container for about a week.

About Parrots

Parrots prefer to have their head feathers stroked towards their beak

While your dog or cat may appreciate being stroked from head to tail, this is often merely tolerated or it can be sexually stimulating to companion Parrots.

I prefer to see a Parrot who fluffs his head feathers up in a big ball in anticipation of a few head scratches. Touching on the head is definitely a great way to foster your relationship. They will like it!

Look at your bird’s body language to guide you as to whether your Parrot is just taking it or can’t get enough.

Puking on us is how Parrots show love

Isn’t that a funny one? Yes, it is true, this is not a joke!

Parrots may try to dribble this usually smelly gooey mush into your hand if you make it available. This courtship behaviour is also one that caregivers will want to avoid reinforcing. The beak will be brought to the chest and the head will arc in a repetitive motion as food is brought back up into the mouth. A Parrot who has decided you are its chosen mate will express its love by regurgitating for you. Weird isn’t it?

Not all Parrots can fly well, not because they have colorful feathers

In some places it is common to clip the flight feathers on Parrots right about the time the bird would first attempt flight. If this happens (or you keep them on a cage that is too small to allow flight) during that time in development when flight should be happening, it can lead to a loss in flight for the rest of that bird’s life. Teach them to fly.

There are also Parrots that find it naturally hard to fly due to their heavy body such as Amazons, Macaws and African Grey Parrots. These typically are the birds that were clipped during this critical stage of development in which their genetics would have been urging their body to attempt flight. Instead of flight, each launch off from the perch would have been met with a crash landing.

Behaviours such as recall, station training and developing flight skills make living with flighted Parrots a pleasure

Parrots are super-duper visual

If your dog is an expert sniffer and your cat hears the slightest rustle of small insects, then your Parrot can see the tiniest speck of a spider on the ceiling. This means he is also carefully watching you. Especially if he is interested in your attention and companionship.

You should know common Parrot behaviour when petting them, because you can’t just ignore their stare.

Parrot friendships can take time, but can be super rewarding

Most of us are accustomed to being with dogs or cats and love to interact with our furry friends. In general, most dog and cat friendships seem easily earned compared to Parrots.

Many Parrot species are not as social as we might think. In the wild they live with only one partner or small family groups. Flocking may only happen under certain circumstances such as foraging or roosting. Therefore automatically accepting new individuals may not be the norm for those species. Learning history also plays a role in how quickly a Parrot may be inclined to respond to a new potential friend. That is where training can help.

Westie Puppies

While many dog owners who own Westie puppies know they don’t come cheap, the joy, loyalty and love these dogs have give are worth it.

Is it easy to acquire any of the Westies’ puppies? No, you’ll need to be mindful that Westies puppies’ breeders are selective with whom they’ll place their puppies. Only dog lovers with an extensive understanding of this breed’s need for extensive grooming and exercise are considered.

Here are useful facts about Westies puppies, for dog lovers.

When and how should you teach your Westies’ puppy to socialize? The ideal time, would be when the puppy is between eight and 16 weeks of age, they’re rapidly maturing during this period. Make sure the pup is exposed to every stimulus he’ll have during his lifetime, while he/she is very young. Or else you’ll get a fearful dog.

Choose food specially formulated for puppies. Don’t feed them people food.

At first offer food to these young puppies three times a day. After 5-6 months, feed the puppy twice a day. To avoid the puppy getting obese, let the puppy eat for only fifteen minutes, then remove the food dish. Check your Westie’s puppy’s paws and nails on a weekly basis.

Trim the hairs between the paws and nails.

Make sure the house is warm, before you bathe your pup, as puppies can lose body temperature quickly. Avoid getting shampoo in their eyes and keep water out of the ears. Wash the pup’s face last. Towel dry your pup as soon as his bath is done. You can use a hair dryer, but regulate the heat, or you might burn your pup.

Puppies normally lose the disease protection they’ve received from their mothers, when they are around six and sixteen weeks of age. To avoid their getting sick, keep your pup away from sick dogs. Check with the vet when to schedule the puppy’s shots.

Lastly, here’s one way to keep your Westie puppy’s fur white. Use a white grooming chalk and sprinkle it into the coat once a week or as needed.

Take care of your Westie puppy, and you’ll be rewarded with an intelligent dog that’s loving and delightful.

(Disclaimer: Any information contained in this site relating to various medical, health and fitness conditions of Westies or other animals and their treatments is for informational purposes only and is not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by your own veterinarian. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing the health of any animal. You should always consult and check with your own vet or veterinarian.)

I do hope that you have found the article of use to you.

Good health and happiness